Menstrual cycles usually have estimated clockwork timings. On an average, you are supposed have periods as at interval of 28 days. It can be 2-3 days before or after, and that isn’t much of a concern. But if it gets beyond that, it means you have irregular periods. Around 30% of women have irregular menstrual cycle during childbearing years. This is not usually a problem, but it signifies that you have health complications.
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How exactly is your Periods Irregular?
- Menstrual cycle is stated to be irregular if it happens before an interval of 21 days
- It is irregular if it lasts more than 8 days
- Missed, early or late, all of them are considered to be irregular.
To count your menstrual cycle and detect if it is irregular, you have to start counting from the last day of your preceding period and stop at the day your next period starts. You have to count for at least three months to measure the frequency. It is not just about how many days it has delayed or how many days it has come forward, if the time span between three months is significantly different, that too states that you have an irregular cycle.
Reason form Missed and Irregular Periods:
Missed periods are often related to the condition called ‘an-ovulation’. It means that ovulation didn’t happen during the menstrual cycle and the main reason could be severe hormonal imbalance. Sometimes, it could be subtle imbalances instead of severe ones. For instance, you might still the ovulation but the timing greatly varies from month to month. Medical conditions and lifestyle are both responsible for such conditions. We have listed down some of the main reasons which trigger improper menstrual cycles:
When you haven’t been into regular exercising, but you suddenly start off vigorously, it can have an effect in your menstrual cycle. Athletes who continue their practices often miss their periods. On the other hand, if you are underweight due to excess dieting or exercising, or you have eating disorders, you can have a similar condition. This could also lead you to weakness and illnesses.
Surprisingly yes! One thing that affects your cycle could be stress. If you have chronic stress, you get anxious too soon, you can go through hormonal imbalances. This in turn leads to irregularity of periods.
Birth Control Pills
Taking birth control pills lets you have irregular periods. It is supposed to last you for more than couple of months, but for some time you go through this situation. You might also bleed for a while, though that is not like regular period. You might also miss your periods for a long span, but then it eventually gets balanced.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
This is a medical condition which can happen to any woman. It is more common to women who have irregular lifestyles and who are obese. Tiny cysts form on our ovaries and they disrupt the regular ovulation. Women with this condition have had a history in having improper menstrual cycle. This can also cause infertility and increase heart and diabetes diseases.
When we start having our initial months of periods, it is not likely to be very regular. It takes time for the body to balance and to adapt to the new changes. Some women take years to settle the pattern. On the other hand, women who are near there menopause might have missed periods, light periods or heavy periods.
- If you have thyroid disorder you can have irregular periods. Blood levels of our thyroid hormone goes too high or low
- Sexually transmitted diseases can let you have irregular periods
- Eating disorder
After reading this article, you must have an idea about why you go through irregularities in your periods. If you think you have any chances of having polycystic ovary, it is advisable that you have a doctor consulted so that you can go through the medical procedures. If you have diabetes or you are near menopause, then it isn’t much that you can do about it. Try to reduce stress and follow exercises within a limit. All of these will help you to have a healthier menstrual cycle.
[ Hindi version ]
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Originally posted in Beauty & Health Tips